Everything You Need To Know About Growing Fringed Bleeding Heart

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Fringed bleeding hearts are perennial woodland plants that prefer growing in shaded areas.

They are native to the Eastern United States with heart-shaped flowers that hang down from a long arching stem.

PLANTING FRINGED BLEEDING HEART

Fringed bleeding hearts are best grown in hardiness zone 2 through 9 in well-drained soil with a pH range of 6.0 through 7.0.

They can be sown straight into the soil after the last frost or started 8 to 10 weeks before the last frost indoors using a cardboard seed starting tray.

Once sown, they take 10 to 20 days to germinate and they are best germinated in complete darkness.

They need full sun but they will do fine in partial shade with slower growth and fewer blooms.

For best results, it is recommended before planting or sowing them to till compost into the soil which is known as amending the soil.

This will provide nutrients to the soil, helps with water retention, and will help to keep the soil loose which will make it easier for the roots to grow.

USES

Fringed bleeding hearts are often used as borders, walking paths, planted in mass, woodland gardens, underplanting trees or shrubs, and potting containers.

FERTILIZING AND WATERING

Fringed bleeding hearts are not heavy feeders therefore mixing in compost every year is good enough for them or use can use a homemade liquid fertilizer that is well diluted.

They need about one inch of water every week and will require more during times of drought.

For fringed bleeding hearts that are growing in containers, watering them twice a day is recommended.

MULCHING

Adding mulch to your fringed bleeding hearts will help the soil retain water and will reduce the amount of time it takes to water them.

The thickness of the bed of mulch is best between 1 to 2 inches thick but the thickness may need to be reduced if you live in a rainy climate or if you are receiving more rain the usual.

The mulch will also help with weed control and it will need to be added or replaced yearly when the majority of it has decomposed.

BLOOMS

Fringed Bleeding Hearts Blooms

Fringed bleeding hearts produce downward-facing tubular-shaped blooms that appear in early spring and last until the first frost.

The flowers are between 1 to 2 inches long and last for 6 to 8 weeks.

Their blooms are known to attract pollinators such as bees, butterflies, and hummingbirds.

If you want your petunias to keep producing flowers then remove the wilted flower before it has a chance to produce seed.

This is called deadheading and with this method, the blooms are not allowed to go to seed therefore the plant will rebloom.

PRUNING

Every fall after the first frost the plant goes into a dormant phase, after the foliage has faded then all growth eight inches above the ground should be removed.

This will give the plant enough time to gather the sun’s energy through its leaves and store it in the roots.

Because the plant dies back every year, for the small and medium varieties there is no need to spend time shaping it every year.

For the large varieties, they may need a little pruning if they are looking scraggly. If you choose a height with the larger varieties and constantly remove any new growth then the plant will bush out.

PROPAGATING

Fringed bleeding hearts can be propagated by seed which can be started 6 to 8 weeks indoors before the last frost using cardboard seed starting trays.

Every 3 or 4 years it will need to be divided by carefully digging the plant up with a spade or small shovel and gently separating the root ball into two.

Another option is to use cuttings that should be removed in the spring and only new green growth should be used.

Before removing a cutting from a plant, make sure that there are at least three sets of leaves.

After removing the cutting dip the cut end into water then into root tone and plant the cutting in a container, garden, or landscaping.

After the cutting has been planted it is a good idea to sprinkle some root tone on the soil.

Another option is to use a piece of paper towel, place the cut end on the paper towel, and sprinkle some root tone on the cut end of the cutting.

Then fold the bottom of the paper towel to the top, and wrap the rest of the paper towel around the stem of the cutting.

After planting the cutting give it some water and time. If you see that the cutting is looking wilted then the cutting will not root and you will have to start over.

PESTS

Fringe bleeding hearts have many pests that feed on the plant which opens the shrub to plant viruses that affect nearby plants.

Therefore, dealing with the issue before the infestation reduces the amount of vegetation or kills the plant.

DISEASES

Fringe bleeding hearts that are planted close together can develop mold and mildew issues, especially during times of high humidity.

If this is the case then preventive measures may need to be taken.

To prevent this from happening make sure to plant them far enough apart to allow for proper airflow.

VIRUSES

Plant viruses are caused by pests causing damage to a plant, therefore good pest management is a must.

  • Tobacco rattle virus

VARIETIES

There are dozens of varieties to choose from that are drought-tolerant as well as deer and rabbit resistant.

GOLD HEART BLEEDING HEART

  • plant size – grows to about 3 feet tall and 2 feet wide
  • Blooming colors – pink and white
  • Foliage – yellow leaves with three deep lobs, the two outer lobes each have one small lobe and the center lobe has two small lobes

AMORE PINK BLEEDING HEART

  • Shrub size – grows to about and a half feet tall and feet wide
  • Blooming colors – red
  • Foliage – bluish-green compound fern-like leaves

PACIFIC BLEEDING HEART

  • Shrub size – grows to about and a half feet tall and feet wide
  • Blooming colors – red
  • Foliage – bluish-green fern-like leaves

VALENTINE BLEEDING HEART

  • Plant size – grows to about 30 inches tall and 30 inches wide
  • Blooming colors – white
  • Foliage – green leaves with several deep lobes

WHITE GOLD BLEEDING HEARTS

  • Plant size – grows to about 30 inches tall and 30 inches wide
  • Blooming colors – white
  • Foliage – greenish-yellow leaves with three large lobes and each lobe has three small lobes

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