5 Plants That Are Native To America With Amazing Flowers

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When we think of amazing flowers we also typically think of tropical locations, but here in America we also have some amazing flowers.

Many of these flowers also provide a habitat and food source for beneficial insects such as bees and butterflies as well as birds which will feed on the seeds provided by the plants.

When considering perennials what to plant always keep in mind what hardiness zone you live in.

TAKING CARE OF YOUR BLOOMING PLANTS

All plants require certain growing conditions to thrive and the pH of the soil is one of those important factor.

A simple soil pH test kit can be purchased to test and track the acidity level of your soil.

Plants require different nutrient levels while growing compared to when they are blooming.

They will require higher nitrogen when they are growing and higher phosphorus and potassium when blooming.

Flowering plants will always produce more blooms when grown in direct sunlight but they can be planted in partly-shaded or full-shaded areas with fewer blooms.

DEADHEADING

Deadheading is a simple practice of removing spent flowers before it goes to seed. When this happens the plant will produce more flowers in an attempt to produce seed.

For most plants, this can be done throughout the year but some plants will keep blooming through the year and don’t require deadheading.

If you are growing annuals and you want the plant to produce seed for the next year then you can allow some flowers to produce seed or wait until late summer and allow all of the flowers to go to seed.

1. PASSIONFLOWER

Passionflower

Passionflowers are fast-growing perennial vining plants that are native to many states in the Southeastern United States including Florida, Alabama, Mississippi, Louisiana, East Texas, Virginia, and Southern Missouri.

With over 550 varieties they have one of the most interesting flowers unfortunately, they only last for one day but they are worth it.

The color of their clusters of blooms can be altered with the use of the pH of the soil and aluminum sulfate for more blue-colored flowers and garden lime for pink-colored flowers.

  • Shrub size – grows to about 6 – 30 feet tall and 3- 6 feet wide depending on the variety
  • U.S.D.A. hardiness zone – 5 through 9
  • Soil pH – 6.0 through 6.2
  • Drought tolerant – yes
  • Sun exposure – full sun to partial shade
  • Blooming colors – blue, red, purple, pink, and white
  • Bloom size – between 1 and a half inches to 3 inches across
  • Deadheading – no
  • Blooms attract – bees, butterflies, hummingbirds
  • Deer resistant – no
  • Pests – aphids, thrips, mealybugs, spider mites, anthribid beetles, cucumber beetle, and fruit flies
  • Diseases – fusarium wilt, crown rot, alternaria spot, septoriosis, scab, and anthracnose
  • Viruses – cucumber mosaic virus
  • Also known as – passion vines and passiflora

2. COLUMBINE

Columbines are easy-to-grow perennials plants that have striking elaborate flowers that are available in many different colors.

They are native to the Westerern United States including Wyoming, Utah, oregon, and Washington.

There are also some varieties that are native to British Columbia and Alberta Canada.

  • Shrub size – grows to about 1 to 3 feet tall and 1 to 3 feet wide depending on the variety
  • U.S.D.A. hardiness zone – 3 through 9
  • Soil pH – 6.0 through 8.0
  • Drought tolerant – yes when established
  • Sun exposure – full sun to partial shade
  • Blooming colors – blue, yellow, orange, red, purple, pink, and white
  • Bloom size – 3 to 4 inches across
  • Deadheading – yes
  • Blooms attract – bees, butterflies, and hummingbirds
  • Deer resistant – yes
  • Pests – aphids, sawflies, leafminers, nematodes, Asiatic garden beetle, columbine borer, columbine skipper, and stalk borer
  • Diseases – powdery mildew, gray mold, and wilit

3. HYDRANGEAS

Multi-colored hydrangea

Hydrangeas are evergreen shrubs that are native to Asia, North, Central, and South America with over 75 species.

In the United States they can be found in New York, Massachusetts, Virgina, West Virgina, North and South Carolina, Kentucky, Tennesee, Oklahoma, Kansas, Msissouri, Illinois Louisiana, Mississippi, Alabama, Georgia, and Florida

The color of their clusters of blooms can be altered with the use of the pH of the soil and aluminum sulfate for more blue-colored flowers and garden lime for pink-colored flowers.

  • Shrub size – grows to about 15 feet tall and 12 feet wide depending on the variety
  • U.S.D.A. hardiness zone – 3 through 9
  • Soil pH – 6.0 through 6.2
  • Drought tolerant – yes
  • Sun exposure – partial shade but some can tolerate full sun
  • Blooming colors – blue, purple, pink, red, and white with a variety of blooming shapes and sizes that appear in early spring into late fall
  • Flower cluster size – up to 10 inches wide
  • Deadheading – yes
  • Blooms attract – bees and butterflies
  • Deer resistant – no
  • Pests – aphids, slugs, Japanese beetle, rose chafers beetle
  • Diseases – botrytis blight, leaf spot, anthracnose, powdery mildew, rust, bacterial wilt, and bacterial leaf spot
  • Viruses – hydrangea ringspot virus, hydrangea mosaic virus, and tomato ringspot virus
  • Also known as – hortensia

4. SPIREA

Spirea

Spirea is native to North America and Asia with about 100 species of low-maintenance shrubs that produce medium-sized clusters of flowers in abundance.

They can be found growing wild in Michigan Ohio, Pennsylvania, Maryland, Virginia, West Virginia, Tennesse, North Carolina, Kentucky, Louisiana, Oaklahoma, and Georgia.

  • Shrub size – grows to about 4 feet tall and 4 feet wide depending on the variety
  • U.S.D.A hardiness zone – 3 through 8 with some being able to withstand zone 9
  • Soil pH – 6.0 through 7.0
  • Drought tolerant – yes
  • Sun exposure – flll sun
  • Blooming colors – clusters of red, pink, purple, or white that appear from June to August
  • Flower cluster size – up to 3 inches wide depending on the variety
  • Deadheading – yes
  • Blooms attract – hummingbirds
  • Foliage – yellow and orange
  • Deer resistant – yes
  • Pests – aphids, leafrollers, and nematodes
  • Diseases – powdery mildew, fire blight, and leaf spot
  • Also known as – meadowsweet and steeplebushes

5. SNAPDRAGON

Snapdragon

Snapdragons are an easy-to-grow perennial low-maintenance plants that are native to Western North America and Western Mediterranean with about 20 varieties that prefer cool weather plant as long as it is getting enough sun.

They can be found in Califorina and Oregon.

  • Plant size – grows to about 6 to 48 inches tall and 6 to 16 inches wide depending on the variety
  • U.S.D.A hardiness zone – 7 through 11
  • Soil pH – 6.2 through 7.0
  • Drought tolerant – yes
  • Sun exposure – full sun to partial shade
  • Blooming colors – red, orange, yellow, purple, pink, white, and multi-colored blooms that appear in spring and continue blooming until the fall
  • Deadheading – yes
  • Bloom attracts – bees
  • Foliage – lance-shaped green leaves
  • Deer resistant – yes
  • Pests – aphids, spider mites, whiteflies, mealybugs, cutworms, cabbage loopers, nematodes
  • Diseases – powdery mildew, downy mildew, anthracnose, botrytis blight, pythium root rot, rhizoctonia stem rot, and rust

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