9 Shrubs That You Should Consider For your Garden Or Landscaping

Shrubs for a garen or landscaping

Shrubs play an important role in any landscaping or gardening design by providing structure to any setting.

Shrubs offer us many different uses such as being the foundation of a garden design and they bring in pollinators such as butterflies and hummingbirds.

They also give us the ability to create some privacy in densely populated areas and they also provide us with their wonderful fragrances and beautiful blooms.

Shrubs plant an important role in any garden or landscaping by giving it structure but which one to choose?

They are available with different blooming times, the number of blooms, color, foliage, and of course deciduous and evergreen varieties to choose from.

PLANTING SHRUBS

When planting a shrub it is recommended to dig the hole at least twice the size of the root ball and about three-quarters the depth of the root ball.

After the hole is ready, use the side of a trowel or a gardening knife to break up the bottom inch of the root ball and place it in the hole.

Make sure that the plant is placed on the top of the root ball just about level with the ground.

Add compost to the soil before filling the hole in, this will help to insure that your shrub gets off to a good start.

It will need to be watered with continued watering every 2 to 3 days until it is established.

GROWING SHRUBS IN CONTAINERS

Shrubs that are slow growing are the best choice for planter pots but they will need a huge container to accommodate the root system.

If you intend on moving the potted shrub then it is recommended to invest in a good pot holder rolling tray.

Shrubs growing in containers look good on either side of the entrance to a home, deck, or patio, along a walkway, around a pool, or as a backdrop in a garden.

CARING FOR SHRUBS

The amount of pruning each variety of shrub needs will depend on the needs of the shrub itself but also the amount of bloom that you desired.

With proper pruning, you can increase the foliage of the plant which in turn will increase the number of blooms.

Some shrubs will not bloom when pruned until the next season but it is recommended for most shrubs to be pruned at least twice a year.

Mulching under and around shrubs should be done at a depth of about three inches, this will help to hold moisture in the soil as it adds a nice look under the plant.

When using mulch under and around plants, you might run into an issue with mushrooms growing in the mulch.

Using a rake, you can easily remove them and then check the depth of the mulch to make sure that there is not too much around your plants.

1. HYDRANGEA

Hydrangeas

Hydrangeas are native to Asia, South America, Central America, and North America with over 75 species.

This evergreen is one of the most popular shrubs with many different varieties, bloom shapes, and sizes.

The color of their flower can be changed with the manipulation of the pH of the soil and aluminum sulfate for a more blue color and garden lime for pink color.

  • Shrub size – grows to about 15 feet tall and 12 feet wide depending on the variety
  • U.S.D.A. hardiness zone – 3 through 9
  • Soil pH – 6.0 through 6.2
  • Drought tolerant – yes
  • Sun exposure – partial shade but some can tolerate full sun
  • Blooming colors – blue, purple, pink, red, and white with a variety of blooming shapes and sizes that appear in early spring into late fall
  • Blooms attract – bees and butterflies
  • Deer resistant – no
  • Also known as – hortensia
  • Pests – aphids, slugs, Japanese beetle, rose chafers beetle
  • Diseases – botrytis blight, leaf spot, anthracnose, powdery mildew, rust, bacterial wilt, bacterial leaf spot, hydrangea ringspot virus, hydrangea mosaic virus, and tomato ringspot virus

2. WEIGELA

Weigela

Weigela is native to Japan with about 38 spices and is a low-maintenance plant in the family of honeysuckle.

The blooms of some varieties have streaks or patches of color in the leaves, also known as variegated foliage that doesn’t like the afternoon sun in hot environments.

  • Shrub size – grows to about 10 feet tall and 12 feet wide depending on the variety
  • U.S.D.A hardiness zone – 4 through 8
  • Soil pH – 5.5 through 7.5
  • Drought tolerant – yes
  • Sun exposure – full sun but can tolerate partial shade with fewer blooms
  • Blooming colors – red, pink, yellow, and white with different shaped blooms depending on the variety and they appear in mid to late spring with some returning in summer and fall
  • Bloom attract – hummingbirds, butterflies, and bees
  • Foliage – the leaves are 2 to 6 inches long that is green, greenish-yellow, yellow, reddish-purple, dark purple, and leaves with variegated, or streaks or patches of a different color
  • Deer resistant – yes
  • Pests – aphids, spider mites, leafroller, mealy bugs, white fly, bagworm, tent caterpillar, thrips, fall webworm, Japanese beetle, locust, cutworm, and armyworm
  • Diseases – leaf spot, anthracnose, powdery mildew, downy mildew, rust, botrytis gray mold, and black spot

3. ROSE OF SHARON

Rose oF Sharon

Rose of Sharon is native to India and China with about 12 spices that are in the hibiscus family of plants.

These shrubs can overwinter in any garden by being able to withstand cold temperatures as low as 20 degrees below freezing.

  • Shrub size- grows to about 12 feet tall and 10 feet wide depending on the variety
  • U.S.D.A hardiness zone – 5 through 9
  • Soil pH – 5.5 through 7.5
  • Drought tolerant – yes
  • Sun exposure – full sun but can tolerate partial shade with fewer blooms
  • Blooming colors – red, purple, pink, and white with blooms that appear in July that continue until the first frost
  • Blooms attract – hummingbirds and bees
  • Foliage – green leaves with three lobes at the end of a 2 to 4 inch long leaf
  • Pest – aphids, whiteflies, and Japanese beetles
  • Deer resistant – yes
  • Pests – aphids, nematodes, and Japanese beetles
  • Diseases – root rot, gray mold, bacterial leaf spot, crown rot, and hibiscus chorotic ringspot virus
  • Also known as – shrub althea

4. BUTTERFLY BUSH

Butterfly Bush

The butterfly bush is an invasive shrub that is native to Central China and has evolved over time into more than 140 species.

It is a highly invasive plant that produces over 100,000 seeds per plant and the seed are spread by the wind.

Because this plant is so invasive, it is highly recommended to remove the flowers before they transform into seeds.

  • Shrub size – grows to about 15 feet tall and 10 feet wide depending on the variety
  • U.S.D.A hardiness zone – 5 through 9
  • Soil pH – 5.5 through 7.0 with some being able to grow with a pH level up to 8.5
  • Drought tolerant – yes
  • Sun exposure – full sun
  • Blooming colors – purple, pink, orange, blue, and white that appear in mid-summer to early fall
  • Blooms attract – butterflies, hummingbirds, and bees
  • Deer resistant – yes
  • Pests – spider mite and aphid
  • Diseases – downy mildew, phytopthora, and rhizoctonia
  • Also known as – summer lilac

5. FORSYTHIA

Forsythia

Forsythia is native to Eastern Europe and East Asia with about 12 species, 11 of them being native to Eastern Asia.

  • Shrub size – grows to about 10 feet tall and 12 feet wide depending on the variety
  • U.S.D.A hardiness zone – 3 through 9
  • Soil pH – 7.0 through 8.0
  • Drought tolerant – yes
  • Sun exposure – full sun to partial shade with fewer blooms that appear in early to mid-spring
  • Blooming colors – yellow
  • Blooms attract – bees
  • Deer resistant – yes
  • Pests – aphids and two banded Japanese weevil
  • Diseases – leaf spot, and twig blight

6. FLOWERING QUINCE

Flowering Quince

Flowering quince is native to China and is a relative of roses that kept their thorns, making this bush great for a green fence along with its height.

  • Shrub size – grows to about 10 feet tall depending on the variety
  • U.S.D.A hardiness zone – 5 through 9
  • Soil pH – 3.7 through 7.0
  • Drought tolerant – yes
  • Sun exposure – full sun to partial shade
  • Blooming colors – red, orange, pink, and white will appear in early to mid-spring but in the warmer south of the U.S., they can start blooming in late January.
  • Blooms attract – hummingbirds, butterflies, bees, and flies
  • Deer resistant – yes
  • Pests – aphids, scale, and mealybugs
  • Diseases – powdery mildew, rust, fire blight, and brown rot

7. SPIREA

Spirea

Spirea is native to the mild temperatures of the Northern Hemisphere with about 100 species.

This low-maintenance shrub is great for borders or pathways as it maintains a good form without the need to trim.

  • Shrub size – grows to about 4 feet tall and 4 feet wide depending on the variety
  • U.S.D.A hardiness zone – 3 through 8 with some being able to withstand zone 9
  • Soil pH – 6.0 through 7.0
  • Drought tolerant – yes
  • Sun exposure – fun sun
  • Blooming colors – clusters of pink or purple that appear from June to August
  • Blooms attract – hummingbirds
  • Foliage – yellow and orange
  • Deer resistant – yes
  • Pests – aphids, leafrollers, and nematodes
  • Diseases – powdery mildew, fire blight, and leaf spot
  • Also known as – meadowsweet and steeplebushes

8. CAMELLIA

Camellia

Camellia is native to Eastern and Southern Asia, Japan, and Indonesia with around 300 species, but the exact amount is unknown and around 3,000 hybrids.

These broad leaf evergreens require a lot of water with different growing mediums depending on the variety.

  • Shrub size – grows to about 14 feet tall and 7 feet wide depending on the variety
  • U.S.D.A. hardiness zone – 5 through 9
  • Soil pH – 6.0 through 6.5
  • Drought tolerant – no
  • Sun exposure – partial shade to full shade
  • Blooming colors – red, pink, and white that appear in late fall through spring, depending on the variety
  • Blooms attract – bees and hummingbirds
  • Deer resistant – yes
  • Pests – aphids and scale bugs
  • Disease – petal blight, leaf gall, canker disease, root rot, and camellia yellow mottle leaf virus

9. MOUNTAIN LAUREL

Mountain Laurel

Mountain laurel is native to the Eastern United States with 7 species of laurels.

The blooms of this plant should not be used for honey production because it is a toxic honey plant.

  • Shrub size – grows to about 15 feet tall depending on the variety
  • U.S.D.A. hardiness zone – 5 through 9
  • Soil pH – 4.5 through 5.5
  • Drought tolerant – yes
  • Sun exposure – partial shade to full shade
  • Blooming colors – clusters of pink or pinkish white blooms that appear in spring
  • Blooms attract – butterflies and bees
  • Deer resistant – yes
  • Pests – lace bug, whitefly, genista caterpillar, black vine weevil, red mountain laurel mirid, and rhododendron borer
  • Diseases – leaf spot
  • Also known as – calico bush and spoonwood

PURPLE SMOKE BUSH

Purple smoke bush is a deciduous shrub that is native to China.

  • Shrub size – grows to about 15 feet tall and 12 feet wide
  • U.S.D.A. hardiness zone – 4 through 9
  • Soil pH – 3.5 through 6.5
  • Drought tolerant – yes when established
  • Sun exposure – full to partial sun
  • Blooming colors – pinkish-purple clusters of blooms that appear in late spring to mid-summer
  • Blooms attract – honey bees
  • Foliage – oval-shaped dark purple leaves that transform into red leaves in the fall
  • Deer resistant – yes
  • Pests – leafrollers
  • Diseases – verticillium wilt, leaf spot, and scabs